Florida people modified the hard structures of shells to create an assortment of tools such as axes and scrapers. Net gauges, fashioned out of clam or whelk shells, were a standard of measurement for weaving net mesh. Hooks were carved from the toe bones of deer. Composite hooks were a blend of oak for the shaft of the hook and a barb splintered from a deer’s leg bone.
Gag hooks were made from the center columnella of small lightning whelks.
The forests surrounding the bays provided fiber for nets. Spaniards describe nets being made from a fiber called silk grass which may have been from a native yucca known as Adam’s Needle. There was also native cotton available for making cordage.